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Medical Surgeon

The Medical Uses of Water

Water has many uses as a tool in the medical field. Helping with preparing food for medical patients and sterilising materials for procedures. It plays a very important part in the health care field. Water can be used for washing surgical equipment, as well as for hydrotherapy for patients. Water prevents the risk of infection when treating ill patients and ensures cleanliness. It assists in finding cures for patients and new diseases, and can be used in treating body dysfunctions. This minimises the risk of infection and controls the bacteria that enters their body.

What kind of water is used in hospitals?

To wash, rinse, and sterilise reusable surgical instruments and reprocess flexible endoscopes, hospital decontamination centers rely on a consistent supply of high quality purified water. In blood science laboratories, pure water is also used to feed clinical analyzers.


Medical Instruments

Equipment used during surgery needs to be sterilised and cleaned. Therefore, water helps to sterilise instruments, preventing deposits, spotting and residue being left on them. This prevents infection and cross-contamination. In addition, water is always used in cleaning, once disinfectants have been used, water rinses away chemicals and leaves surfaces germ free. It can also be a good way to wipe off screens and avoid leaving streaks. It ensures that medical equipment that is in contact with human skin is sterilised.



Surgeons use water for decontaminating hands and arms before performing surgery. This prevents bacteria from getting on the skin and contamination surgeries or equipment. A scrub station is usually where surgeons decontaminate and scrub clean their hands and arms before rinsing.


Surgeon Washing Hands


Pure and sterile water cleans wounds and prevents infection. The pure form of water has no impurities, avoiding infecting or contaminating wounds.

First Aid

If you get injured, it is good to have a bottle of water close by. Therefore, this is because the water helps to clean the area of the wound. This prevents infection or bacteria spreading to the rest of the body.


Dentists regularly use water, especially during operations following a tooth extraction or root canal treatment. They rinse your mouth out with sterile water, washing away existing bacteria.


Dentist Surgery

Autoclave Chamber

These are also known as steam sterilisers. Healthcare clinics, dentists and industrial applications use them. The pressure vessel has harmful bacteria, viruses and fungi placed inside. This machine uses steam under pressure to kill these harmful contaminants. Therefore, this prevents bacteria from infecting and contaminating areas or patients.


Veterinary Surgeries

Veterinarians use water regularly for operations and sanitisation, as well as for intravenous injections. These infections keep pets hydrated.


Lab Experiments

Experiments regularly use water to clean tools. Water impurities ruin lab experiments. Therefore, this makes sure contaminants or minerals don’t taint laboratory results.



This involves the surgeons dispersing water into the surgical field to have a complete visualisation of an area. It consists of antibodies mixed with water and is put into the body cavity.


Continuous Positive Airway Pressure (CPAP) Machines

These devices use water; this machine is a lifesaver who people who suffer from sleep apnea. The machine takes air and pressurises it. The person breathes through the attached mask, allowing the airway to stay open. Therefore, they also have a water tank that helps add moisture to the air. It also helps prevent bacteria and stops the machine from having mineral deposit build-ups.


Dialysis Machines

A dialysis machine helps people with damaged kidneys. This works as an artificial kidney. Therefore, it uses water to filter out bad toxins from your blood. This allows you to have cleaner blood for your kidneys function.



Facilities for renal replacement therapy that carry out hemodialysis have a large water demand. Maintenance dialysis facilities regularly use water for reuse on the same patient.


Automated Endoscope Reprocessor (AER)

The endoscope is a medical instrument that examines interior surfaces on the body.  Therefore, the device needs water to rinse fluid for regular cleaning. When used on patients, it requires disinfecting with water.



Hydrotherapy tanks also use water. It creates a soothing environment for hydrotherapy patients. Hydrotherapy uses water to soothe pains and treat certain medical conditions. This includes pools, whirlpools, whirlpool spas, hot tubs and physiotherapy tanks. Sitting in warm water helps improve medical conditions, such as burns, septic ulcers, arthritis, lesions and amputations. Therefore, this water needs to be clean as these patients have weakened immune systems. They are also easily vulnerable to new infections from contaminated water.


There are many different medical uses of water, for saving and protecting lives! It is very important for the functioning of medical practices and for keeping equipment, procedures and patients safe and protected. If you want to learn more about water’s health benefits, visit our products to view our filters and softeners.