Lead in drinking water can cause problems for your health and damage your body. It can enter drinking water when plumbing materials containing lead corrode. This occurs when the water has high acidity or low mineral content that corrodes pipes and fixtures. The most common sources of lead in drinking water are lead pipes, faucets, and fixtures. Filters are vitally important with water purification and filtration methods to help remove harmful contaminants such as lead. These help to remove fluoride, health metals, oestradiol (a hormone), bisphenol-A (a toxic substance that leaks from plastic) and chlorophenol (a substance found in pesticides). These can help protect you and your family from exposure and improve taste and freshness.
What Contains Lead?
Houses built before 1986 are more likely to contain lead pipes, fixtures and solder. Older homes often have lead pipes welded with lead, these are connected to the water main. These are also known as lead services lines, these pipes are typically the most significant source of lead in the water. Lead pipes are more likely to be found in older cities and homes built before 1986. Among homes without lead service lines, the most common problem is with brass or chrome-plated brass faucets and plumbing with lead solder. However, newer homes can contain lead if the water service lines are old. Lead is also be found in paints, imported canned goods, soil, toys, household dust, pottery and lead bullets.
How Does Lead Get Into Drinking Water?
Lead enters drinking water through service pipes that contain lead corrode, especially where water has a high acidity level or low mineral content. This is because it causes pipe and fixture corrosion. The most common are brass or chrome-plated brass faucets and fixtures with lead solder. These contain significant amounts of lead that enters into the water, especially hot weather.
Why Should You Remove Lead From Drinking Water?
Lead is toxic that very harmful to human health even at low exposure levels; it can bioaccumulate in the body over time. It is a highly toxic metal and very strong poison; lead poisoning is a serious and potentially fatal condition occurring when lead builds up in the body. It compromises neurological development and causes brain and nervous system disorders.
What Are The Effects Of Lead?
Young children, foetuses, babies and pregnant women are vulnerable because lead causes physical and behavioural problems. This is because they consume more water and their bodies and brains are still developing. In children, even low levels of lead exposure have been linked to damage to the central and peripheral nervous system. This results in learning disabilities, shorter stature, impaired hearing and impaired formation and function of blood cells. Lead poisoning builds up slowly, repeated lead exposure symptoms can include abdominal pain, cramps, constipation sleep problems. In children, it can lead to intellectual disability, behaviour problems, low IQ, poor grades at school and problems with hearing. A high and toxic dose results in emergency symptoms including severe abdominal pain and cramping, vomiting, muscle weakness and stumbling when walking. You should immediately call the emergency services.
What Are The Warning Signs?
The water quality of drinking water has an impact on the lead level. If your water is soft or corrosive then this type of water can accelerate the leaching of lead and copper from your household plumbing and water fixtures. Some signs of this problem would include greenish rings copper around basins, metallic or bitter taste to your water, especially in the morning and frequent leaks and evidence of corrosion. Unpainted lead pipes can be dull grey and have rounded woollen joints; they are also soft and if gently scraped you can see shiny, silver-coloured metal underneath. When you tap a lead pipe with a metal object it will cause a dull thud rather than a clear ringing sound of copper or iron pipes.
How Can I Tell My Drinking Water Is Contaminated With Lead?
The best way to know if you are being exposed to lead in your drinking water is to identify potential sources of lead in your service line and household plumbing. You can also have your water tested and sampled. You can also see signs of decay, frequent leaks, coloured water and stains on dishes or laundry. Using cold water is recommended, as boiling water does not remove lead from water and hot water normally contains more lead than cold water.
Can Filters Help?
Developments in water filtration technology and materials allow for healthy and safe drinking water. Activated carbon filters can remove 95% of lead or reduce exposure to saw levels. There are many options for filters, such as pitchers, faucet water filters, carafe filters, faucet-mounted, countertop filters, plumbed0in filters, gravity filters, under-the-sink and point-of-entry or whole house filters. Exposure to soil, dust, air and food also has negative effects. Therefore, filters are ideal for filtering out lead and other harmful contaminants in your water.
Our filters provide great tasting and pure quality water; they combat acidity and flush out toxins, remove heavy metals and waste matter. These restore natural electrolyte balance and healthy minerals such as Mg, K, Ca, and Na. Our water filters remove 95% lead, Trace Heavy Metals 99% and up to 98% of Heavy Metals. The Reverse Osmosis water filters help remove 99.99% of Lead, Chlorine, Fluoride, Nitrates, Calcium, Arsenic and bacteria. We also have a lead removal cartridge that removes led through Ion exchange; the Ion exchange resin targets lead. The media can achieve up to 96% lead removal from water and is a suitable addition to any while house system and enhances the filtration to target lead in problem areas. It is simple to replace and lasts for up to 12 months.
Aquatiere’s hydrogen molecular water filters contain hydrogenated water that helps with many conditions. These include atherosclerosis, inflammatory conditions, diseases and certain cancers. It also helps slow down the process of ageing and has anti-allergic effects and anti-apoptotic (or anti-cell death) effects in the human body. We have products for lead removal, including:
This removes lead through ion exchange; the media can achieve up to 96% lead removal from the water. It is a suitable addition to any whole house system, enhancing filtration to target lead in problem areas. This is a replacement cartridge that is simple to replace and can last for up to 12 months.
This also uses a dedicated ion exchange resin to target lead. The ion exchange helps reduce hard metals such as lead in your water. Water softeners also use this process. The technology is often used in combination with adsorptive or reverse-osmosis filters.
There are different filters that meet standards to help reduce exposure to lead and protect you and your family. Popular choices for lead removal include carbon distillation and reverse osmosis drinking water treatment systems. Reverse osmosis is a process that forces water through a membrane and filters larger molecules through the water molecules. These are combined with pre-filters and carbon filters to filter out harmful contaminants in your drinking water.
There are ways to reduce or eliminate exposure to lead and to protect your health. You can take action to reduce the amount of lead in drinking water, preventing long-term health risks and problems.